A major cause of blood clots is damage to the glycocalyx or inner lining of blood vessels. This inner lining is a protective layer of molecules and gel. Degeneration of this inner lining is linked to blood clot formation. The body is always trying to heal itself. So of course, it’s going to try to heal a damaged glycocalyx. But before the healing process begins, the problem has to be identified. One of the ways the body identifies damage and disease is by circulating white blood cells. White blood cells are much smaller than red and travel much slower through the vessel. The reason is found in the structure of the white blood cells. They actually have appendages that like something like an octopus’ legs. These appendages are just long enough to reach down into the glycocalyx and sense if there is any infection, toxin or damage to the wall of the vessel. Then they move on. They move more slowly because these arms are sticky.
Well, what do you think tends to happen when the white blood cells reach an area where the glycocalyx is stubble instead of a thick and healthy? They tend to stick, of course. Multiple sticky arms attach to the vessel wall. Once this initial tethering occurs, other adhesive chemicals are secreted by both the white blood cells and the cells lining the walls of the vessel. Then circulating platelets begin to stick to the white blood cells. After a while, this sticky mess can become what we refer to as a blood clot. Blood clots are a normal function of the blood to stop bleeding from a damaged blood vessel. It becomes a problem, however, when this happens in the absence of a bleed.
Repairing the glycocalyx can prevent blood clots.